Adjectives

(fried potatos)

In Spanish, adjective follows noun(s), which means that adjectives change its forms depending on the modified noun’s number and gender. There are certain patterns that they follow and there are 3 types of adjectives.

There are 3 types of adjectives.

Type 1) Adjectives end with –o in dictionary form.

Hermoso (beautiful)MaleFemale
SingularHermosoHermosa
PluralHermososHermosas

 

Type 2) Adjectives end with –e in dictionary form.

Inteligente (intelligent)MaleFemale
SingularInteligenteInteligente
PluralInteligentesInteligentes

 

Type 3) Adjectives end with a consonant in dictionary form.

Azul (azul)MaleFemale
SingularAzulAzul
PluralAzulesAzules

 

They change the forms according to the gender and number of the modifying noun(s).

La montaña hermosa. The beautiful mountain.

Unas computadoras pesadas. Some heavy computers.

Un gato lindo. A pretty cat.

Los perros grandes. The big dogs.

As you might have noticed, adjective come after the noun in Spanish in general.

It is also possible that the adjectives work as substantively, meaning that the adjectives can work as nouns. However, it is emphasizing a certain characteristic of a person and it could be offensive.

La flaca de tu familia ha crecido mucho. The slim one in your family has grown up a lot.

Here are some useful adjectives.

Hermoso beautiful

Bonito pretty

Inteligente intelligent

Tímido shy

Extrovertido outoing

Introvertido introvert

Cómico funny

Loco crazy

Triste sad

Lógico logical

Contento happy

Rojo red

Amarillo yellow

Blanco white

Negro black

Naranjado orange

Rosado pink

Verde green

Azul blue

Pequeño small

Grande big


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