Present Subjunctive

Subjunctive form is very important in learning Spanish since subjunctive is used very often in Spanish language and knowing its forms and usage will make it easier for you to sound more native in Spanish.

Formation of the present subjunctive

-AR Verb uses endings of –ER Verb

-AR Verb (-e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en)

Trabajar to workSingularPlural
1st PersonTrabajeTrabajemos
2nd PersonTrabajesTrabajéis
3rd PersonTrabajeTrabajen

 

-ER/-IR Verb uses ending of –AR Verb

-ER/-IR Verb (-a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an)

Comer to eatSingularPlural
1st PersonComaComamos
2nd PersonComasComáis
3rd PersonComaComan

 

Subjunctive is used

  • after the specific expressions

always used with…

antes de que         before 

a menos que         unless

sin que                  without          

en caso de que      in case that

para que                so that

used when the tense in subordinate clause is future

en cuanto             as soon as

tan pronto como   as soon as

cuando                   when

hasta que              until

después de que     after

aunque                  although

si                            if

 

A menos que tengas mucho dinero, no debes viajar.

(Unless you have a lot of money, you should not travel.)

Tan pronto como yo termine mi tarea, iré a la fiesta.

(As soon as I finish my homework, I will go to the party.)

No voy a hablar inglés para que mi amigo pueda practicar español contigo.

(I am not going to speak English so that my friend can practice Spanish with me.)

 

  • When the main clause expresses emotions.

Me alegro de que            I am happy that

Temo que                           I am afraid that

Me gusta que                    I like that

No me gusta que             I don’t like that

 

Me alegro de que vosotros se caséis por fin.

(I am happy that you guys are finally getting married.)

Temo que ellos se separen.

(I am afraid that they are going to break up.)

Me gusta que me respetes mucho.

(I like that you respect me a lot.)

 

 

  • When “uncertainty” is shown in sentence

No creo que                       I don’t believe that

Dudo que                            I doubt that

No estoy seguro que      I am not sure that

Probablemente                Probably

Deseo que                          I hope that

Espero que                         I hope that

Ojalá                                     I hope that


Espero que
 tú pases esta clase.

(I hope that I you pass this class.)

Ojalá no llueva mañana.

(I hope it will not rain tomorrow.)

Probablemente yo no le compre algo a ella caro porque no tengo dinero.

(Probably I am not going to buy something expensive because I don’t have money.)

No estoy seguro que este restaurante sea bueno o no.

(I am not sure that this restaurant is good or not.)

 

  • In impersonal structures

Es importante que          it is important that

Es dudoso que                  it is doubtful that

Es probable que               it is probable that

Es interesante que          it is interesting that

Es posible que                   it is possible

Es mejor que                     it is better that

Es necesario que              it is necessary that

 

Es importante que se haga ejercicio todos los días.

(It is important that people do exercise every day.)

Es necesario que hables japonés si vivas allá.

(It is necessary that you speak Japanese when you live there.)

Es mejor que se visite a otro país cuando sea joven.

(It is better that people to visit another country when they are young.)

Es posible que escuchar música cure enfermedad de Alzheimer.

(It is possible that listening to music cure Alzheimer’s disease.)

 

  • When opinion is expressed in the sentence

Recomiendo que             I recommend that

Insisto en que                   I insist that

Pido que                              I ask that

Sugiero que                        I suggest that

Ordeno que                        I order that

 

Recomiendo que no comas más carne.

(I recommend that you do not eat more meat.)

Sugiero que tomes mucha agua y vegetales.

(I suggest that you take a lot of water.)

 

  • When you describe something indefinite in the future

Quiero un carro que sea rojo.

(I want a car that is red.)

Estoy buscando unos amigos me respeten mucho.

(I am looking for some friends that respect me a lot.)

Me quiero casar con una mujer que cocine muy bien.

(I want to marry a woman who cook well.)


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